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Dairy Industry

Photo Courtesy of Thinkstock #472866698. Safety pays, injuries cost! Making your farm safer begins with spotting and fixing hazards. A job hazard analysis (JHA) can help you with this step

Safety pays, injuries cost! Making your farm safer begins with spotting and fixing hazards. A job hazard analysis (JHA) (45.5 KB DOC) can help you with this step.

Photo courtesy of Thinkstock.

Farm deaths and serious injuries can happen in the blink of an eye and mark the start of a difficult future with physical, financial, and emotional impacts that affect everyone involved.

Behind every workplace injury or illnesses is a safety or health hazard. This is why preventing hazards is essential for creating a safer future for everyone working on the farm.

Start with a Safety Checklist for Dairy Farms to keep track of common hazards and ensure basic safety program requirements are met.

Information provided on this page can help identify and evaluate existing or potential safety and health hazards. It also provides resources to help with training, preventive methods, and required written safety and health programs.

Expand or collapse. See examples of key hazards at dairy farms.



  • Animal contact: Being kicked, trampled, run over, stomped, crushed, bitten, or scratched by cows; getting caught between animals and fences, structures, or farm equipment.
  • Biological agents that could cause allergies and other illnesses such as cow dander and pathogens (for example, bacteria, ringworm).
  • Chemical exposure: Inhalation, ingestion, or skin and eye contact with hazardous chemicals used for cleaning (for example, hydrofluoric acid), hoof baths (for example, formaldehyde), and other activities.
  • Confined spaces: Engulfment hazards and dangerous moving machinery (for example, augers) in grain or feed storage bins; low-oxygen and other atmospheric hazards at manure pits or in water tanks, milk vats, and grain bins.
  • Drowning in waste storage impoundments (for example, manure pits).
  • Electrocution from faulty equipment or indirect contact with energized overhead or buried power lines with farm equipment.
  • Farm vehicles: Roll-overs or run-overs from tractors, skid steer loaders, and so forth.
  • Fires and explosions caused by ignition sources around manure gases and chemicals.
  • Heavy or frequent manual lifting, handling, and working in awkward postures.
  • Moving mechanical parts: Entanglement, amputation, or serious injury from improperly guarded power take-off (PTO) shafts, power transmission components, or from insufficient control of hazardous energy sources (lock-out/tag-out).
  • Needle sticks when administering medications, vaccinations, and sedatives to animals.
  • Noise from running agricultural equipment.
  • Slips, trips, and falls at the same level; falls from ladders and other elevated structures.

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